Romanian is spoken not only in the very country, but also is the official language of Moldavia (there it is called Moldovan), also used by Romanian groups in Bulgaria, Hungary, Yugoslavia and Ukraine. Its closest tongues include Balkano-Romance languages like Istroromanian in Croatia and Aromanian in Macedonia, Albania and Greece.
The Romanian literary language is based on the Daco-Romanian of the
historic region of Walachia, in southern Romania. Romanian preserves some
Latin traits lost in other Romance languages,
notably the inflection of nouns. It preserved here, as many believe, under
the influence of Slavic tongues. Romanian also has some characteristics
common to the languages spoken in the Balkan Peninsula (most of which are
not Romance languages), such as the placement of the definite article after
the noun, like in Bulgarian and Macedonian.
Romanian has absorbed an unusually large number of words from the Slavic
languages, the Greek language, the Turkish language, the Hungarian language,
and the Albanian language.