Word-A-Week in Indo-European
 
Word-A-Week Archive Phonetic signs used here About CyBaLiSt Suggest a Word
 
Today's Word: *ped-
   
Translation:  a foot, a step, to step
   
Related to: Greek pezos (pedestrian), Doric pws, podos (a foot); >
New Greek podi (a foot)
  Latin ps, pedis (a foot); >
Rumanian picior, Ladin pe, French pied, Occitan ped, Spanish pie, Catalan peu, Italian pie, piede, Sardinian pei, Portuguese pe
  Old Irish peccad (a sin) - but very doubtful, that this loanword from Latin is of the same stem; from this, Irish peaca, Scottish peacadh
  Common Germanic *ft- (a foot), plural *ft; > Gothic ftus, Old High German fuoz, Old Swedish fuot, Old Norse ftr, Old English and Old Frankish ft; >
Swedish fot, Icelandic fotr, German Fuss, Afrikaans Dutch Flemish voet, Frisian foet, Faroese fotur, Danish fod, English foot
  Avestan pdha (a foot), pasti- (pedestrian); >
Ossetic fad, Tadjik po, poj, Persian pa, Afghan psa, Waziri psha
  Sanskrit padam (a foot, a trace); >
Gujarati peg, Singhalese paya, Kashmiri pad, Baluchi phadh, Wakhi pued, Bengali pa, Marathi pay, Nepali pau
Albanian posht (down there, near feet) - supposedly a cognate
Hittite pata (a foot), piddi (to run)
Armenian ot - a case when the initial *p- was dropped in Armenian
  Common Baltic *pdtjos (pedestrian); > Lithuanian pe.sc'ias (pedestrian), pe.da (trace of the foot), Latvian pda (a foot), Old Prussian pd (a foot)
  Common Slavic *pedsjo- (pedestrian); > 
Ukrainian piiy, Belorussian pey, Old Church Slavic p, Bulgarian pe, Serbo-Croatian pjee, Slovene peji, pe, Czech and Slovak p, Polish pieszy, Lower Sorbian pey, Russian peij (pedestrian), pekom (on foot)
 
Notes: The word has an extensive range of derivaives present in so many languages. Originally it is believed to have masculine gender, and the meaning spread not only to "foot", but to everything down there (as in Albanian). But the primary meaning remained very strong, though the very words for "foot" sometimes sound another way (Slavic noga, Celtic cos or troig)
 
Next Word-A-Week Bibliography